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How To Return Error Number In Sql Server

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Letter-replacement challenge Should a spacecraft be launched towards the East? His source is Books Online for SQL Server 6.5. Not the answer you're looking for? PRINT N'Error = ' + CAST(@@ERROR AS NVARCHAR(8)); GO The following example returns the expected results. have a peek at this web-site

Copy BEGIN TRY -- Generate a divide-by-zero error. CREATE PROCEDURE HumanResources.usp_DeleteCandidate ( @CandidateID INT ) AS -- Execute the DELETE statement. Why is Pablo Escobar not speaking proper Spanish? If the CATCH block contains a nested TRY…CATCH construct, any error in the nested TRY block will pass control to the nested CATCH block. https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms188790.aspx

Sql Server Error_message()

We appreciate your feedback. This is as likely to be garbage left over in a register as anything else. –John Saunders Jun 24 '09 at 5:10 add a comment| up vote 1 down vote For Why are there 2 copies of RNA in the HIV virus?

share|improve this answer answered Jan 2 '13 at 15:29 Gordon Linoff 467k20138212 ‘…because stored procedures can return NULL’ – this statement appears to be incorrect. You can view the text associated with an @@ERROR error number in sys.messages.Because @@ERROR is cleared and reset on each statement executed, check it immediately following the statement being verified, or The value of @@ERROR is checked for any indication of an error, and @@ROWCOUNT is used to ensure that the update was successfully applied to a row in the table. Sql Server Stored Procedure Throw Error SELECT 1/0; END TRY BEGIN CATCH SELECT ERROR_MESSAGE() AS ErrorMessage; END CATCH; GO B.

Either a TRY block or a CATCH block can contain nested TRY…CATCH constructs. Sql Server Error Code An error that ordinarily ends a transaction outside a TRY block causes a transaction to enter an uncommittable state when the error occurs inside a TRY block. Because this error may lurk deep within the call stack.] Failing all else, comment out half of the code. https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/kb/321903 TRY...CATCH also supports an ERROR_NUMBER function that is not limited to returning the error number in the statement immediately after the statement that generated an error.

The following table shows the integer value that is assigned by the stored procedure to each possible error, and the corresponding meaning for each value.Return code valueMeaning0Successful execution.1Required parameter value is How To Get Error Message In Sql Server Stored Procedure Copy BEGIN TRY -- Generate a divide-by-zero error. Try it and see First of all, thanks for bothering to craft an example that returns -6. Using ERROR_MESSAGE in a CATCH block with other error-handling toolsThe following code example shows a SELECT statement that generates a divide-by-zero error.

Sql Server Error Code

more stack exchange communities company blog Stack Exchange Inbox Reputation and Badges sign up log in tour help Tour Start here for a quick overview of the site Help Center Detailed EDIT: counter-example SET ANSI_NULLS ON GO SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON GO CREATE PROCEDURE [dbo].[RetValTest] AS BEGIN select 1/0; END GO Execution: DECLARE @return_value int EXEC @return_value = [dbo].[RetValTest] SELECT 'Return Value' = Sql Server Error_message() After each Transact-SQL statement completes, @@ERROR is tested for being 0, and if it is not 0, it is stored in the variable. Sql Server Stored Procedure Return Error The RETURN statement takes one optional argument, which should be a numeric value.

Learning resources Microsoft Virtual Academy Channel 9 MSDN Magazine Community Forums Blogs Codeplex Support Self support Programs BizSpark (for startups) Microsoft Imagine (for students) United States (English) Newsletter Privacy & cookies http://upintheaether.com/sql-server/how-to-troubleshoot-a-msg-823-error-in-sql-server.php Learning resources Microsoft Virtual Academy Channel 9 MSDN Magazine Community Forums Blogs Codeplex Support Self support Programs BizSpark (for startups) Microsoft Imagine (for students) United States (English) Newsletter Privacy & cookies In the following example, @@ROWCOUNT will always be 0 because it is not referenced until after it has been reset by the first PRINT statement. Within the nested CATCH block, ERROR_NUMBER returns the number from the error that invoked the nested CATCH block. T-sql @@error

DECLARE @ErrorSave1 INT, @ErrorSave2 INT; SET @ErrorSave1 = 0; -- Do a SELECT using the input parameter. By the way, in SQL Server, you cannot check for failure with "@retval <> 0", because stored procedures can return NULL. How can I say "to turn on/off"? Source IF @SalesPerson IS NULL BEGIN PRINT 'ERROR: You must specify a last name for the sales person.' RETURN(1) END ELSE BEGIN -- Make sure the value is valid.

If you reference @@ERROR in an IF statement, references to @@ERROR in the IF or ELSE blocks will not retrieve the @@ERROR information. Sql Server Error_severity This documentation is archived and is not being maintained. Having said all that, maybe different versions/different environments could cause us to see different answers, which still leaves the original question as valid.

Outside the scope of a CATCH block they return NULL.

The text includes the values supplied for any substitutable parameters, such as lengths, object names, or times.Returns NULL if called outside the scope of a CATCH block.RemarksERROR_MESSAGE may be called anywhere The TRY...CATCH construct also supports additional system functions (ERROR_LINE, ERROR_MESSAGE, ERROR_PROCEDURE, ERROR_SEVERITY, and ERROR_STATE) that return more error information than @@ERROR. Yes No Tell us more Flash Newsletter | Contact Us | Privacy Statement | Terms of Use | Trademarks | © 2016 Microsoft © 2016 Microsoft

How do we ask someone to describe their personality? Is there a role with more responsibility? This makes the transaction uncommittable when the constraint violation error occurs. http://upintheaether.com/sql-server/how-to-see-error-logs-in-sql-server.php Using @@ERROR to conditionally exit a procedureThe following examples uses IF...ELSE statements to test @@ERROR after an INSERT statement in a stored procedure.

If ERROR_NUMBER is run in the outer CATCH block, it returns the number from the error that invoked that CATCH block.ExamplesA. All other parts of the error, such as its severity, state, and message text containing replacement strings (object names, for example) are returned only to the application in which they can SELECT @MaxVacation = MAX(VacationHours) FROM HumanResources.Employee; -- Save @@ERROR value in second local variable. share|improve this answer answered Nov 5 '12 at 22:04 Jim G. 7,3271464108 add a comment| up vote -1 down vote I'm not sure there's a way to know this without asking